… from the quarantine house to the high class biocluster
A connection between the area of St. Marx and the life sciences can be traced far back in history.
In the Middle Ages, pests represented an enormous problem for public health. To prevent imminent danger, infected people were quarantined and treated in this very area, which at that time was far outside the city. The quarantine house of the Order of Saint Lazarus dedicated a chapel to Saint Marcus, which subsequently gave the hospital and the area its name. Over the centuries Marc became Marx.
In the 18th century a meat market developed in the area, but in 1850 it was transformed by another public health measure, the creation of a central slaughterhouse for Vienna.
Since 1988, the Vienna Biocenter (VBC) has been developing into one of the most outstanding and prominent life sciences hubs not only in Austria but also in the Central European Region. With the founding of the Research Institute of Molecular Pathology (IMP) in 1985 the nucleus for the VBC was established. Very quickly a University building went up next door and five departments were relocated there. In 1998, the VBC spin-off company Intercell (now Valneva) was founded. Subsequently, the Austrian Academy of Sciences founded two new research institutes, IMBA and GMI, situated next door to the IMP.
The VBC has continued to rapidly develop and now includes more than 17 complementary players in the life sciences. Since access to state of the art infrastructure has become an important and decisive element for cutting edge research, the VBC developed a vision for communal use of infrastructure. As a result, in 2010, the new Vienna Biocenter Core Facilities GmbH (VBCF) with a comprehensive range of new technologies was set up with substantial financial support from the Austrian Ministry of Science and Research and the City of Vienna.
The VBC continues the Viennese tradition of diversity and will strive to continue its impressive development by building on its most prized assets: the ingenuity of its people by providing them with an attractive work place.